What are industrial pumps used for?

The use of pumps has increased along with industrialization. Choosing the appropriate pump for a job involves several factors, such as the criticality of the process, the pumping time, and the physical properties of the fluid, including its type, flow, pressure, temperature, and elevation. This article provides information on industrial pumps and the various types available.

What are Industrial Pumps?

Industrial pumps are machines that convert mechanical energy, obtained from electric, thermal, or other types of motors, into fluid or hydraulic energy. They enable the transportation of fluids from one location to another. The primary component of industrial pumps is the inlet tube, which draws in the fluid and is driven by a motor that creates a magnetic field using coils and magnets. This magnetic field causes the impeller to rotate continuously.

What are the Different Types of Industrial Pumps?

It’s essential to understand the different types of industrial pumps. Here are the most commonly used ones:

Centrifugal Pumps: 

These pumps are frequently used in the chemical industry due to their effectiveness in handling solid particles suspended in a fluid. Centrifugal pumps transform the mechanical energy of an impeller into kinetic or pressure energy of an incompressible fluid. They are used in various industries, including chemical processing, paints, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, cellulose, food production, beverages, and sugar refining.

Positive Displacement Pumps: 

This type of industrial pump controls the fluid’s movement through it and is contained between the impeller and the cylinder. The pump features a chamber that helps regulate the volume.

Helical Pumps: 

These pumps, also known as progressive cavity or helical screw pumps, are positive displacement pumps ideal for transferring fluids that contain delicate solids.

Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps: 

These pumps displace a fixed amount of fluid with each revolution and are commonly used to create a vacuum. They find uses in industries such as chemical, electrical, environmental, food and beverage processing and packaging, marine operations, mining, and oil.

Lobe Pumps: 

These are rotary volumetric pumps, where the pumping is produced by two lobes rotating in opposing directions. This draws the liquid into the space between the body and a lobe.

Rotary Pumps: 

These industrial pumps discharge a continuous flow and are typically used for more viscous fluids, although they can also handle liquids without any abrasive solids.


Industrial pumps have become indispensable to many industries. We hope this article has helped you understand what industrial pumps are and how they are used in various industries. Remember the factors to consider when choosing a pump and the types of pumps available. If you are looking for industrial pump suppliers, Egger Pumps UK has a range of industrial wastewater pumps to offer.